Think well, Live well!!

ALLAH almighty gifted us with an organ, called “Brain.” Probably, it is a most complicated organ of the entire human body. The brain is made up of a complex network of billions of nerve cells called neurons, as well as other kinds of cells, all protected by the bones of the skull.

It is our responsibility to utilize this amazing gift in a good manner otherwise whole body suffers a pain, if this organ is not be used well. It is a human nature that he wants to dwell on the things, he wants to achieve. He gives importance to those things more than any other thing of life but most of the time he does not get, what he wants and in the consequence,  he becomes all broken, sad and depressed.

Every human being has some targets to achieve. Some wants to get more and more money, fame, car, bikes and other want to get another person, better spouse, girl friend/boy-friend. Actually every one of us is ditched by those things which we gave more importance in our lives. More importance than our Creator because we all should submit our will to Him. Everything should be come after Him. When we give more importance to worldly matters, only then we got ditched or punished. We must improve our relation with ALLAH Almighty and every other thing will be automatically come to us, as it is mentioned in Quran:

 “If you give thanks (by accepting Faith and worshiping none but Allah), I will give you more (of My Blessings), but if you are thankless (i.e. disbelievers), verily! My Punishment is indeed severe.”

 

 

 

Machine Learning!!

Hi people! I hope all of you are doing fine. I want to personally communicate with the people who have insight knowledge in the field of Machine Learning or Genetic Algorithms. I want to implement any sort of project related to Machine Learning. I am really excited to do that but probably, I need a proper guidance to accomplish the mission as I am afraid that I will stuck in the middle. There is only a fat chance that I can do it perfectly all alone as machine learning is an interesting and complicated field and it is difficult to unpeel all its layers at once, so for that purpose I want a person to guide me who could remain persistent to give me time.

For contacting, my email Id is “miss_hira_khalid@yahoo.com

Summer!!

I don’t like summer season at all, but this year I really want to enjoy it, but I don’t know how could it be possible 😥 Actually summer becomes too cruel here in Punjab province of Pakistan and it remains persistent for 3-4 months in an uncontrolled way. I become a very different person in summer season because of change in mood due to hot weather. I always  pour out some thing bad to others(due to anger and lack of control).  May God give me patience this year 😛

Faith

Faith is a word which means complete trust or confidence in something or someone. We should have a strong faith on destiny that what is coming is far better than what is gone and the One who is giving us is the ALLAH Almighty, who loves his creatures more than anything else, Who loves human beings more than 70 mothers, Who is Compassionate. Actually we are the people with little wisdom. We sometimes want the things which are not actually better for us but He is All-Knowing and has great wisdom. One tip to get blessings in your life is to do good with living creatures and see how ALLAH bless you. To depend on ALLAH is better. To depend upon human beings is just like grasping at straws.

Allah Almighty has kept certain secrets hidden. One such secret is the acceptance of deeds. At times we think, “How can such a small deed lead to Jannah?” The Messenger of Allah (upon him blessings and peace) has ordered us to never take any good deed lightly. A good deed is never insignificant and hence should neither be passed up nor looked upon as trivial. We do not know in which deed lie the keys to our salvation. It may be that a deed we consider as small and insignificant is actually so pleasing to Allah Almighty that He accepts it and in consequence forgives all other shortcomings and mistakes of His servant. As is narrated in a hadith by Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), a prostitute once saw a dog panting out of thirst, so she fed it water to quench it. Consequently, Allah Almighty forgave her (Bukhari). Benefit of Simple Deeds in this World and in the Hereafter Although in the Hereafter there will be reward for our virtuous actions, so too in this world we will be gifted the positive outcome of those actions. If we understand that the benefits of good deeds are manifested in this world, then we will easily fulfill our duties as Muslims. The great scholar, Shaykh Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani (may Allah preserve him), highlights a point which is often forgotten: “The methods prescribed by Islam to better the human lot in the hereafter are not really difficult; in fact, if one adopts them, his earthly life too becomes pleasant and comfortable. But unfortunately, it is generally believed today that observance of Islamic teachings is difficult and demands the sacrifice of many worldly advantages, pleasures, and comforts. Consequently, most people, being scared of this assumed difficulty, veer away from the Divine Path.” Due to this misconception, we become ignorant of the fact that there are deeds ordained by Islam which neither entail any difficulty nor require consumption of much time and expenditure. If we develop a positive attitude towards our religion, then we could be piling on tons of virtuous deeds to be presented to Allah Almighty. The Messenger of Allah (upon him blessings and peace) said: “The most beloved actions in the sight of Allah are the regular ones, even if they amount to little in quantity”(Bukhari, Muslim). After we pass away, how foolish would we feel to look back at the life of this world and realize the opportunities we missed out on? How unfortunate we must be to have ignored those virtuous deeds which entail no hardship yet harvest great rewards? May Allah Almighty protect us from such a misfortune.

Way towards success!!

Most of the people now-a-days are not satisfied with their luck. They are not happy with the things which are given to them and they can’t get what they want. The most important trick to get what we want is “CONSISTENCY”. Consistency in attitude. Be consistent in asking from ALLAH what you want. Be consistent in hard work and never lose hope. Things take time to happen so be patient and always believe on the fact that what is coming is better than what is gone. We are oblivious to the fact that the thing which is not given to us was not better for us but ALLAH Almighty knows everything. So, be consistent in asking from Him and then no troublemakers could ever destroy you.

History of Taxila

Taxila, in Pakistan is a place where I recently lived. It is revived many times after several disasters. The way this place is revived is dire to be discussed.

When the great ancient trade routes connecting these regions ceased to be important, the city sank into insignificance and was finally destroyed by the nomadic Hunas in the 5th century. The renowned archaeologist Sir Alexander Cunningham rediscovered the ruins of Taxila in the mid-19th century. In 1980, Taxila was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2006 it was ranked as the top tourist destination in Pakistan by The Guardian newspaper.

images-1By some accounts, Taxila was considered to be one of the earliest (or the earliest) universities in the world. Others do not consider it a university in the modern sense, in that the teachers living there may not have had official membership of particular colleges, and there did not seem to have existed purpose-built lecture halls and residential quarters in Taxila,in contrast to the later Nalanda university in eastern India.

In a 2010 report, Global Heritage Fund identified Taxila as one of 12 worldwide sites most “On the Verge” of irreparable loss and damage, citing insufficient management, development pressure, looting, and war and conflict as primary threats.

 

Ancient Texts

Hindu mythology has it that Taxila derived its name from Takṣa, who was the son of Bharata, the brother of the Hindu deity Rama. Takṣa’s kingdom was called Takṣa Khanda and its capital that he founded was named Taxila. According to another theory propounded by Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi, Taxila is related to Takṣaka, Sanskrit for “carpenter”, and is an alternative name for the Nāga, a non-Indo-Iranian people of ancient India.In the great Hindu epic, the Mahābhārata, the Kuru Kingdom’s heir, Parikṣit (grandson of the Arjuna) was enthroned at Taxila. Traditionally, it is believed that the Mahabharata was first recited at Taxila by Vaisampayana, student of Vyasa at the behest of the seer Vyasa himself, at the Snake Sacrifice.

Scattered references in historical works indicated that Taxila may have dated back to at least the 8th century BCE.

Historically, Taxila lay at the crossroads of three major ancient trade routes. Owing to this strategic location, Taxila has changed hands many times over the centuries.

Archaeological excavations later showed that the city may have grown significantly during the Achaemenid Empire of the 6th century BCE. In 516 BC, Darius I embarked on a campaign to Central Asia, Ariana and Bactria and then marched into Afghanistan to Hindush in modern Pakistan. Darius spent the winter of 516-515 BCE in Gandhara, preparing to conquer the Indus Valley. Darius conquered the Indus in 515 BCE. He controlled the Indus Valley from Gandhara to modern Karachi and appointed the Greek Scylax of Caryanda to explore the Indian Ocean from the mouth of the Indus to the Suez. Darius then marched through the Bolan Pass and returned through Arachosia and Drangiana back to Persia.

Taxila is also described in some detail in the Buddhist Jataka tales,which date from about the 4th century BCE. The Jataka literature mentions it as the capital of the kingdom of Gandhara and as a great centre of learning.

Greek invaders arrived during the 4th century BCE. According to Joseph Needham: “When the men of Alexander the Great came to Taxila … they found a university there the like of which had not been seen in Greece, a university which taught the three Vedas and the eighteen accomplishments and was still existing when the Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hsien went there about AD 400.”

Taxila is in western Punjab, and was an important city during Alexander’s campaign in ancient India.

In about the 1st century BCE or 1st century CE, an Indo-Scythian king named Azilises had three mints, one of which was at Taxila, and struck coins with obverse legends in Greek and Kharoṣṭhī.

The Chinese monk Faxian, writing of his visit to Taxila in 405 CE, mentions the kingdom of Takshasila, meaning “the Severed Head”. He says that this name was derived from an event in the life of the Buddha Gautama because this is the place “where he gave his head to a man”.

Xuanzang, another Chinese monk, visited Taxila in 630 and in 643. It appears to have already been overrun by the Hunas and been in ruins by his time. Taxila is called Taxiala in Ptolemy’s Geography.In the Historia Trium Regum (History of the Three Kings) composed by John of Hildesheim around 1375, the city is called Egrisilla.

taxila_pakistan_juillet_2004

Ancient Center of Learning

Taxila became a noted centre of learning (including the religious teachings of Hinduism) at least several centuries BCE, and continued to attract students from around the old world until the destruction of the city in the 5th century. At its height, it has been suggested that Taxila exerted a sort of “intellectual suzerainty” over other centres of learning in India.,and its primary concern was not with elementary, but higher education. Generally, a student entered Taxila at the age of sixteen. The Vedas, the ancient and the most revered Hindu scriptures, and the Eighteen Silpas or Arts, which included skills such as archery, hunting, and elephant lore, were taught, in addition to its law school, medical school, and school of military science. Students came to Taxila from far-off places such as Kashi, Kosala and Magadha, in spite of the long and arduous journey they had to undergo, on account of the excellence of the learned teachers there, all recognized as authorities on their respective subjects.

Notable Students and Teachers

Taxila had great influence on the Hindu culture and the Sanskrit language. It is perhaps best known because of its association with Chanakya, also known as Kautilya, the strategist who guided Chandragupta Maurya and assisted in the founding of the Mauryan empire. The Arthashastra (Sanskrit for The knowledge of Economics) of Chanakya, is said to have been composed in Taxila itself. The Ayurvedic healer Charaka also studied at Taxila. He also started teaching at Taxila in the later period. The ancient grammarian Pāṇini, who codified the rules that would define Classical Sanskrit, has also been part of the community at Taxila.

The institution is significant in Buddhist tradition since it is believed that the Mahāyāna branch of Buddhism took shape there. Jivaka, the court physician of the Magadha emperor Bimbisara who once cured the Buddha, and the enlightened ruler of Kosala, Prasenajit, are some important personalities mentioned in Pali texts who studied at Taxila.

Nature of education

By some accounts, Taxilla was considered to be amongst the earliest universities in the world. Others do not consider it a university in the modern sense, in that the teachers living there may not have had official membership of particular colleges, and there did not seem to have existed purpose-built lecture halls and residential quarters in Taxila, in contrast to the later Nalanda University.

No external authorities like kings or local leaders subjected the scholastic activities at Taxila to their control. Each teacher formed his own institution, enjoying complete autonomy in work, teaching as many students as he liked and teaching subjects he liked without conforming to any centralized syllabus. Study terminated when the teacher was satisfied with the student’s level of achievement. In general, specialization in a subject took around eight years, though this could be lengthened or shortened in accordance with the intellectual abilities and dedication of the student in question. In most cases the “schools” were located within the teachers’ private houses, and at times students were advised to quit their studies if they were unable to fit into the social, intellectual and moral atmosphere there.

Knowledge was considered too sacred to be bartered for money, and hence any stipulation that fees ought to be paid was vigorously condemned. Financial support came from the society at large, as well as from rich merchants and wealthy parents. Though the number of students studying under a single Guru sometimes numbered in the hundreds, teachers did not deny education even if the student was poor; free boarding and lodging was provided, and students had to do manual work in the household. Paying students like princes were taught during the day; non-paying ones, at night. Guru Dakshina was usually expected at the completion of a student’s studies, but it was essentially a mere token of respect and gratitude – many times being nothing more than a turban, a pair of sandals, or an umbrella. In cases of poor students being unable to afford even that, they could approach the king, who would then step in and provide something. Not providing a poor student a means to supply his Guru’s Dakshina was considered the greatest slur on a King’s reputation.

Examinations were treated as superfluous, and not considered part of the requirements to complete one’s studies. The process of teaching was critical and thorough- unless one unit was mastered completely, the student was not allowed to proceed to the next. No convocations were held upon completion, and no written “degrees” were awarded, since it was believed that knowledge was its own reward. Using knowledge for earning a living or for any selfish end was considered sacrilegious.

Students arriving at Taxila usually had completed their primary education at home (until the age of eight), and their secondary education in the Ashrams (between the ages of eight and twelve), and therefore came to Taxila chiefly to reach the ends of knowledge in specific disciplines.

 

Plane Crash!!

I was really shocked and saddened when I heard today’s news of plane crash , near Abbottabad, Pakistan. A legend ‘Junaid Jamshed’, who was the famous pop start and later he turned into the evangelic preacher, was feared to have died in the crash. It is really a great loss of the country, Pakistan.

Army official says there are unlikely to be any survivors of flight PK661, which was en route to Islamabad from Chitral

A plane carrying 48 people, including one of Pakistan’s most famous singers, has crashed on its approach to Islamabad from Chitral, a mountainous region popular with tourists.

Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) said a small turboprop ATR-42 had lost contact with aircraft controllers shortly before police confirmed that an aircraft had crashed near the town of Havelian.

Havelian lies 30 miles north of the capital’s airport and far away from the high peaks of the Hindu Kush mountain range in which Chitral is nestled.

The army said it had dispatched troops and helicopters to the scene, but an official told Reuters there were unlikely to be any survivors. “All of the bodies are burned beyond recognition. The debris is scattered,” said Taj Muhammad Khan. Images shown on Pakistani TV channels and circulated on social media showed a trail of wreckage engulfed in flames on a mountain slope.

The military said 40 bodies had been recovered in a rescue effort involving about 500 soldiers, doctors and paramedics.

Kurshid Tanoli, a police official in Havelian, said recovery work was hampered by a fire at the crash site and the hilly terrain.

“The nearest village to the site is Batolani and is deep in the hills,” he said. “Vehicles and ambulances can only go to Batolani and then it is a 30-minute walk.”

A manifest for flight PK661, obtained by local media, showed that in addition to five crew and a ground engineer there were 42 passengers on board, including Junaid Jamshed, a pop star turned evangelical Muslim cleric and fashion designer, who ran a successful chain of boutiques across the country.

Jamshed had abandoned his music career after becoming a follower of the Tableeghi Jamaat, a highly conservative, proselytising Islamic movement. Quaid-e-Azam, manager of the Hindukush Heights hotel in Chitral, said Jamshed had been in the town as part of a preaching tour.

Also on board, according to the manifest, was Osama Warraich, the senior civilian bureaucrat for Chitral, who was travelling to Islamabad with his wife and son.

Pakistan’s last major air disaster was in 2015 when a military helicopter crashed in a remote northern valley, killing eight people including the Norwegian, Philippine and Indonesian envoys and the wives of Malaysian and Indonesian envoys.

The country’s deadliest crash was in 2010, when an Airbus 321 operated by the private airline Airblue and flying from Karachi crashed into hills outside Islamabad while about to land, killing all 152 on board.

The government has vowed to privatize troubled PIA, the national carrier, which has been losing money.